Introduction

FRIAR 2022 is the eighth conference of this successful series. The conference started at the Institution of Civil Engineers in London in 2008 and was reconvened in Milan in 2010, Dubrovnik in 2012, Poznan in 2014, Venice in 2016, A Coruna in 2018 and online in 2020 due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Since 2012 a parallel seminar on the Design, Construction, Maintenance, Monitoring and Control of Urban Water has taken place which is now an integral part of the conference.

Flooding is a global phenomenon that claims numerous lives worldwide each year. When flooding occurs in urban areas, it can cause substantial damage to property as well as threatening human life. In addition, many more people must endure the homelessness, upset and disruption that are left in the wake of floods. The increased frequency of flooding in the last few years, coupled with climate change predictions and urban development, suggest that these impacts are set to worsen in the future. How we respond and importantly, adapt to these challenges is key to developing our long term resilience at the property, community and city scale.

Apart from the physical damage to buildings, contents and loss of life, which are the most obvious, impacts of floods upon households, other more indirect losses are often overlooked. These indirect and intangible impacts are generally associated with disruption to normal life as well as longer-term health issues including community displacements and stress-related illnesses. Flooding represents a major barrier to the alleviation of poverty in many parts of the developing world, where vulnerable communities are often exposed to sudden and life-threatening events.

As our cities continue to expand, their urban infrastructures need to be re-evaluated and adapted to new requirements related to the increase in population and the growing areas under urbanization. We also need to consider more nature-based interventions to the management of flood risk, including the adoption of more catchment-based approaches. These are now being recognised as being more sustainable and also able to achieve wider benefits to the environment and society as a whole.

This conference also considers these problems and deals with two main urban water topics: water supply systems and urban drainage. Topics such as contamination and pollution discharges in urban water bodies, as well as the monitoring of water recycling systems are currently receiving a great deal of attention from researchers and professional engineers working in the water industry. Water distribution networks often suffer substantial losses which represent wastage of energy and treatment. Effective, efficient and energy-saving management is necessary in order to optimize their performance. Sewer systems are under constant pressure due to growing urbanization and climate change, and the environmental impact caused by urban drainage overflows is related to both water quantity and water quality.

FRIAR seeks to develop an improved understanding of emerging flood risk management and urban water management challenges, drawing on the expertise of numerous disciplines and considering a range of responses. The conference provides a rich forum for the development of innovative solutions that can help bring about multiple benefits toward achieving integrated flood risk and urban water management strategies and policy.

The meeting is aimed to attract researchers, academics and practitioners actively involved in improving our understanding of urban water systems and flood events. It will bring together social scientists, surveyors, engineers, scientists, and other professionals from many countries involved in research and development activities in a wide range of technical and management topics related to urban water and flooding and its impacts on communities, property and people.

Papers presented at this conference, as all other meetings run by the Wessex Institute, are archived in the WIT eLibrary (www.witpress.com/elibrary) and are easily and permanently available in Open Access format to the international community.

Conference Topics

The following list covers some of the topics to be presented at FRIAR 2022. Papers on other subjects related to the objectives of the conference are also welcome.

  • Floods
    • Flood risk management
    • Flood warning and forecasting
    • Flood response and recovery
    • Flood protection
    • Flood modelling
    • Flood mitigation
    • Flood vulnerability
    • Climate change impact
    • Flood damage assessment
    • Socio and economic impact
    • Community engagement
    • Emergency planning
    • Blue-green infrastructure
    • Resilient approaches
    • Catchment-based approaches
    • Natural flood management
    • Remote sensing in flood applications
    • Risk areas
    • Property flood resilience

  • Urban Water Systems
    • Water supply networks
    • Leakage and losses
    • Modelling and experimentation
    • Safety and security of water systems
    • Water quality
    • Water savings and reuse
    • Wastewater treatment and reuse
    • Urban drainage systems
    • Stormwater management
    • Watershed management
    • Structural works and infrastructure
    • Maintenance and repairs
    • Sustainable urban drainage systems (SuDs)
    • Greywater
    • Rainwater harvesting
    • Water and sewage systems in urban areas
    • Water retention

  • Case studies

Benefits of Attending

USB Drive

Delegates will receive a USB drive at the conference containing the presented papers.

Publication

Papers presented at FRIAR 2022 are to be published in a volume of WIT Transactions on the Built Environment (Electronic ISSN: 1743-3509). The publication will be available in both electronic and hard copy.

Indexing

The WIT Transactions are DOI registered with CrossRef and are currently listed in indexing services such as Scopus and Google Scholar, as well as being submitted to the Web of Science. All conference books are listed in the British Library and the American Library of Congress.

Open Access and Digital Archive

All conference papers are archived permanently on our electronic library where they can be downloaded for free (www.witpress.com/elibrary).

Peer review

To ensure the quality of our publications, abstracts and papers are double peer-reviewed by members of the International Scientific Advisory Committee and other experts, with manuscripts processed through CrossRef Similarity Check to screen for plagiarism.

Reduced Fee for PhD Students

The Wessex Institute believes in the importance of encouraging PhD students to present and publish innovative research at its conferences. As a result, the Institute offers PhD students a much-reduced conference fee.

Networking

Participants can present their research and interact with experts from around the world, as part of a unique community.

Journal publication opportunity

After the conference, delegates will be invited to submit an enhanced version of the conference paper to one of the WIT Press International Journals. The enhanced paper should not include more than 30% of the conference paper. Please contact the conference coordinator if you would like more information on this opportunity.

 

Publication of Papers

Peer review

To ensure the quality of our publications, abstracts and papers are double peer-reviewed by members of the International Scientific Advisory Committee and other experts, with manuscripts processed through CrossRef Similarity Check to screen for plagiarism.

Publication

Papers presented at FRIAR 2022 are to be published in a volume of WIT Transactions on the Built Environment (Electronic ISSN: 1743-3509). The publication will be available in both electronic and hard copy.

Indexing

The WIT Transactions are DOI registered with CrossRef and are currently listed in indexing services such as Scopus and Google Scholar, as well as being submitted to the Web of Science. All conference books are listed in the British Library and the American Library of Congress.

Open Access and Digital Archive

All conference papers are archived permanently on our electronic library where they can be downloaded for free (www.witpress.com/elibrary).

Journal publication opportunity

After the conference, delegates will be invited to submit an enhanced version of the conference paper to one of the WIT Press International Journals. The enhanced paper should not include more than 30% of the conference paper. Please contact the conference coordinator if you would like more information on this opportunity.

Location Information

Capital of Lombardy and the second most populated city of Italy, Milan is known for being the centre of the Italian fashion and motor industries, and for being one of the most beautiful cities in Italy. Its rich culture, history and architectural heritage attract visitors from all over the world. The gothic Duomo Cathedral, La Scala opera house and the impressive Castello Sforzesco are a few of Milan’s must-see.

 

Art and Culture

Duomo: The Duomo is the church that symbolises the city. Entirely built in Candoglia marble, the cathedral was begun in 1386 and only finished centuries later in 1966. The imposing structure, decorative sculptures and over 3,400 statues combine with magnificent windows for a dramatic overall effect. This huge and beautiful building is completed with 135 spires and crowned by the great tower topped with the famous Madonnina.
Duomo

Da Vinci’s “Last Supper” at Santa Maria delle Grazie: Built in the late 1400s in the Gothic style, the church was completed by Bramante, who is believed to have rebuilt the enormous apse there. The apse is a classic example of the spacious architecture of the Renaissance, along with another two delightful additions, the Cloister and the Old Sacristy. The attached ancient Dominican convent houses Da Vinci's celebrated "Last Supper" on the refectory wall.
Da Vinci’s “Last Supper”

Pinacoteca di Brera: This national gallery is among the most famous in the world, containing masterpieces of Italian painting from the 14th to 20th century. These include Piero della Francesca's "Brera Altarpiece", Raphael's "Marriage of the Virgin", the "Lamentation over the Dead Christ" by Andrea Mantegna, Giovanni Bellini's "Pietà", the "Cristo alla Colonna" by Bramante and Caravaggio's "Supper at Emmaus".

Pinacoteca Ambrosiana: The art gallery was founded by Cardinal Federico Borromeo in 1618 with the aim of educating young generations of artists. It is located inside the Palazzo dell'Ambrosiana whose construction began in 1609. Today it preserves some of the most important works in the world by artists such as Leonardo, Caravaggio, Tiziano, Botticelli and Tintoretto.

Castello Sforzesco: Begun in the late 1400s, the front of the Castle is dominated by the tower by Filarete. Inside the Rocchetta Courtyard - where the castle-dwellers could retreat in times of danger – was designed by Bramante, and houses the treasury. The normal residence was within the so-called Ducal Court, a set of richly frescoed and decorated rooms. One of Da Vinci's Milanese works, the "Sala delle Assi" can be found here.
Castello Sforzesco

La Scala opera house: Built in the late 1700s, this is the international temple of classical music where the most famous singers and composers in the world have been launched and celebrated. Every day its schedule offers opera, concerts or ballet in one of the world's most beautiful theatres: unmissable.
La Scala opera house

 

Shopping

World-renown for Italian haute-couture fashion, Milan has many streets dedicated to fashion retailers. The main shopping area is concentrated between the Piazza Duom, Piazza Cavour and Piazza San Bibila, and is home to the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele, the nineteenth-century shopping arcades believed to be the oldest in existence and famed for their extravagant architecture. Flagship stores of fashion houses including Prada, Dolce and Gabbana, and Armani can be found on the Via della Spiga and Quadrillatero d’Oro, and the nearby Corso Buenos Aires is reputed to be the longest shopping street in Europe, with a wide range of both Italian and global stores.

 

Beyond Milan

One hour by train from Milan, Lake Como can be found in the foothills of the Alps and is perennially popular with visitors due to its outstanding location and pretty towns. Lakes Maggiore and Lugano are also a short distance away. Monza, a town renowned for its many interesting churches, parks and Grand Prix racetrack is only 15km northeast of Milan and easily reached by bus or train.
Lake Maggiore

Tourist information link: https://www.yesmilano.it/en

Travel Information

Conference Venue Address:

Politecnico de Milano (Building number to be confirmed)
Milano Leonardo Campus
Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano

 

By Air

Milan is served by three international airports offering flights to most major international destinations and to a wide range of European airports.

 

Milan Malpensa Airport (50Km to the city centre)

Milan Malpensa is served by most major international airlines from destinations worldwide such as Aegean Airlines, Baltic Air, Air Berlin, Air France, Air Italy, Czech Airlines, German Wings, Iberia, LOT, Lufthansa, Neos, SAS, Spanair, TAP, Air China, American Airlines, Alitalita, British Airways, Delta, Singapore Airlines and Easyjet. For a full list of airlines and destinations, please visit https://www.milanomalpensa-airport.com/en/

From/To Malpensa Airport:

Taxi: The taxi ranks are located at the ARRIVALS entrance, on the ground floor, at gate 6 of Terminal 1 and at gate 4 at Terminal 2. A journey to Milan city centre or the conference venue will cost approximately €90.

Train: The Malpensa Express airport service connects the airport with the center of Milan and vice versa, with a train every 15 minutes, 7 days a week. The Journey to Milan central station takes around 50 minutes and costs €13 (https://www.malpensaexpress.it/en/)

Bus: Bus connections between the airport and Milan central train station are operated by several companies. The Journey takes around 50 minutes and costs around €8. See more details at https://www.milanomalpensa-airport.com/en/from-to/by-coach

For reaching the conference venue from Milan city centre, please see section below “How to get to the University from the City Centre”.

 

Milan Linate Airport (10Km to the city centre)

Milan Linate is served mainly by European and domestic airlines, presently including Aer Lingus, Air Berlin, Air France, Alitalia, British Airways, Brussels Airways, Easyjet, Iberia, KLM, Lufthansa, Olympic Airways, TAP and SAS. Full list of airways and destination can be found at https://www.milanolinate-airport.com/en/

From/To Linate Airport:

Taxi: Taxis are available at Milan Linate and cost approximately €20 for journeys to the city centre.

Bus: Bus connections between the airport and Milan central train station are operated by several companies. The Journey takes around 35 minutes with the shuttle services (€5) and 60 minutes on local bus 73 (under €2). See more details at https://www.milanolinate-airport.com/en/from-to/by-coach

For reaching the conference venue from Milan city centre, please see section below “How to get to the University from the City Centre”.

 

Milan-Bergamo International Airport (60Km to the city centre)

Bergamo Airport serves as a low-cost airline hub with many European destinations. To see a map of destinations, please visit the airport’s website: https://www.milanbergamoairport.it/en/

From/To Bergamo Airport:

Taxi: Taxis are available and cost around €90 for travel to central Milano.

Bus: Two shuttle services connect the airport with Milan central train stations within 30 minutes, Autostradale and Orio Shuttle (€8-10).

For reaching the conference venue from Milan city centre, please see section below “How to get to the University from the City Centre”.

 

By Rail 

Milan is one of northern Italy’s largest railway junctions. Milano Centrale station offers trains to cities throughout Italy as well as major stations in France, Switzerland and Germany including Zurich, Geneva, Munich, Paris and Stuttgart. For timetables and tickets please visit https://www.trenitalia.com/en.html

For reaching the conference venue from Milan city centre, please see section below “How to get to the University from the City Centre”.

 

By Road 

Milan’s main bus station can be found opposite the Stazione Porta Garibaldi on Piazza Sigmund Freud and is served by a number of international bus services including those operated by Eurolines. These arrive regularly from cities across Europe.

Milano is situated at a major crossroads within the Italian motorway or autostrada network and thus is easy to reach by road from other Italian cities, and those outside of Italy. Please note that Milan has a congestion charging scheme which requires drivers in the city centre to purchase a permit, which are readily available at newsstands and in local shops.

 

Moving Around Milan - Public Transport

Milan has an extensive public transport network of buses and trams plus underground and suburban railways, operated by ATM (https://www.atm.it/en/Pages/default.aspx). The Metro operates daily between 6am and midnight and consists of 4 underground lines comprehensively covering the city. Tickets for both the Metro, buses and trams need to be purchased before travel at newsstands and shops throughout the city and it’s also possible to pay with your contactless card. You can buy single tickets as well as 24 hours and several days travel cards. Costing €2.00 (zones1-3), Single tickets are valid for one journey or 90 minutes travel. You will sometimes have to buy a separate ticket for your luggage, depending on its size and note that if you have more than one suitcase, you might not be allowed to get on the metro, tram or bus. A ticket for your luggage costs €2.00.

How to get to the University from the City Centre

By Metro
Piola metro station, on Line 2 (green) is the closest to the university. See the University map below showing the metro stop.

See metro map https://giromilano.atm.it/images/schema_rete_metro.jpg

By Tram
Tram Lines 19 and 33 stop at the Leonardo Campus.


On the ATM website, you can see from where you can catch these trams. See the University map below showing the tram stops at the Leonardo Campus.

 

University Map

 Politechnico Milan map showing bus and tram stop

Please note that all of the information included above is correct as of September 2021. All prices and travel details are subject to change.

Venue Information

The Polytechnic of Milan will host the conference at their Milano Leonardo Campus. This campus hosts the University's main management and administrative structures as well the School of Civil, Environmental and Land Management Engineering amongst others.

 

Conference Venue Address:

Politecnico de Milano (Building number to be confirmed)
Milano Leonardo Campus
Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano

 

The map below shows the University Campus as well as the nearby Underground and Bus Stop stations.

Reaching the university by Metro: Piola metro station, on Line 2 (green) is the closest to the university. See the University map below showing the metro stop.

Reaching the university by Tram: Tram Lines 19 and 33 stop at the Leonardo Campus.

On the ATM website, you can see where you can catch these trams. See the University map below showing the tram stops at the Leonardo Campus.

 Politechnico Milan map showing bus and tram stop web

For other further travel information, visit the “Travel” section of the conference website.

Accommodation Information

Should you wish to book your accommodation near the conference venue (Leonardo Campus), we have collected a list of hotels that are within walking distance of the University Campus.

For those of you who prefer to stay in a different part of town, we have included below a map of the Campus showing the underground and bus stops near the venue so you can easily reach the venue by public transport.


Hotel Dieci 4* (600m to university campus)
http://www.hoteldieci.it/en/


Largo Rio de Janeiro, 122, 20133 (+39 02 70608180)
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


21WOL Milano Centro (700m to university campus)
https://www.21wol.it/en/


Via Enrico Nöe 24, 20133 (+39 02 5656 8715)
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Oasi Village Hotel 3* (550m to university campus)
https://www.oasivillagehotel.it/


Viale Lombardia, 20 – 20131 (+39 02 23951472)
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Hotel Montecarlo 3* (800m to university campus)
http://hotelmontecarlomilano.it/en/index.asp


Via Vallazze, 39 – 20131 (+39 02 70601382)
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Hotel Lombardia 4* (1.1Km to university campus)
https://hotellombardia.com/en/


Viale Lombardia, 74/76 – 20131 (+39 02 2824849)
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


 

Polytechnic of Milan, Leonardo Campus

Politechnico Milan map showing bus and tram stop

Additional Information

Please use the links below to access additional information related to the conference. All links open in a new window.

Here's what our delegates have to say...


"I consider that the events of the Wessex Institute are of great importance due to the scientific themes of its activities. [Developing] current affairs with excellent organization. Congratulations."
Roberto Rojano, Colombia (attended Air Pollution 2020)


"I was extremely pleased and appreciative of Ms Marta Graczyk‘s support throughout the registration and paper production process. I send her my utmost thanks and gratitude. "
Abdulkader Algilani, Saudi Arabia (attended Islamic Heritage 2020)


"This was my first experience in the Wessex institute conferences, I'm proud to be a part of this conference and article publishing. Many thanks to the efforts escorted by the Institute among the COVID19 pandemic. We would be honored to attend the next conference of Islamic heritage with such interesting topics with the variety of articles presented. Extended thanks to all the researchers taking part in the conference."
Haya S. Nasereddin, Palestinian Territories (attended Islamic Heritage 2020)


"I have participated in the last 4 conferences promoted by WIT. What attracts me at conferences is its extremely efficient organization, the high level of professionalism of the organizing team, the quality of the resulting publications(indexed), the care shown by the organizing team with the quality of the event, manifested in the post-conference follow-up surveys, in [the] attention to participants before and during the event, the adequacy of the duration of the conference, the size of the conference (neither too large nor too small) which provides a favorable environment for approaching and exchanging ideas, and (why not ?) the places chosen to host the events, always beautiful and conducive to post-event cultural enrichment."
Paulo Roberto Armanini Tagliani, Brazil (attended Environmental Impact 2020)


"Dear colleagues! We thank you for a very interesting experience of participating in a conference of this format. We hope that in the future there will be more events that contribute to personal communication and discussion of current issues by the scientific community. We look forward to participating in other events organized by the Wessex Institute."
Artem Salamatov, Russia (attended Environmental Impact 2020)


"I had a very nice experience of participating in the Risk Analysis conference as one of the conferences of the Wessex Institute. The procedures of sending the tentative abstract, evaluation, acceptance, registration, and presentation were very well-organized and also streamlined by a very supportive coordinator. I would definitely consider the Wessex Institute conferences, particularly Risk Analysis, for my future publications."
Abolfazl Shojaei Barjouei, Norway (attended Risk Analysis 2020)


"I had a great experience with the Wessex Institute. Communication, especially with Irene, was always detailed and responses were prompt and friendly. Wessex Institute rose to the challenge of holding a conference in the midst of a global pandemic; the online conference ran very smoothly and it was easy to navigate to each paper and its accompanying presentation. Looking forward to the next conference in the series, hopefully in person!"
Meredith Fyfe, Canada (attended Risk Analysis 2020)


"Congrats!! [...] the organisation was clear and fast... and everything was perfect."
Sebastian Bahamon, Germany (attended COMPRAIL 2020)


"I got new experiences through Waste Management 2020 and [learnt about] the problems of different countries, thank you."
Hiroya Matsui, Japan (attended Waste Management 2020)


"The Mission and Vision are excellent, in particular having conferences which promote development and enterprising business. You are thinking smart."
Charles Tushabomwe-Kazooba, Uganda (attended Sustainable Tourism 2020)


"I enjoyed attending this conference. Even if this version was online, the quality of the presentations was very high and everyone was really invested. The great variety of topics gives the opportunity to develop new ideas or to get new information about different kinds of scientific subjects. In addition, the conference manager was very reactive to any questions I had. That is why I would recommend anyone to attend this conference."
Gwenc'hlan Tymen, France (attended AFM 2020)


"Despite the special circumstances of covid-19, the conference was organized in an efficient and organized manner. I wish you all the best."
Mora Hana, Egypt (attended Eco-Architecture 2020)


"If you are in for interdisciplinary congresses, Wessex is the way to go. The size of the events is very good. You never feel lost and get personal attention before, during and after each congress. If you become a regular visitor, then you realise their unique way of doing things. Other congresses are frequently organized by a marketing organization. In this case, there is high-level science taking place in the same organisation. This and the other scientific elements (ISAC, supervisory board, chairman) provide a sound scientific foundation and basis for continuation. Thank you."
Jaap Vleugel, Netherlands (attended Sustainable Development and Planning 2020)


"My overall experience with Wessex Institute has been of excellent standard throughout. I have been impressed with the punctualities and perseverance of the organising committees."
Hicham Machmouchi, UAE (attended Sustainable Development and Planning 2020)


"It was my first experience, but a great one. Very professional coordination, positive approach of organizers, and diverse delegate’s attendance and topics. Accessible for all regardless of time differences, due to the on-demand format."
Fjollë Caka, Macedonia (attended Sustainable City 2020)


"Totally positive, well organized and responding [to] needs with ease."
Maria-Carmen Vicente-Torres, Spain (attended FRIAR 2020)