Introduction

Sustainable Tourism 2020 is the ninth meeting organised in this successful series. The first was held in Segovia (2004), followed by Bologna (2006), Malta (2008), the New Forest, home of the Wessex Institute (2010), A Coruña (2012), Opatija, Croatia (2014), Valencia (2016) and Vienna (2018).

Today, tourism is an important component of development, not only in economic terms but also for knowledge and human welfare. Tourism today is an activity accessible to a growing number of people.

The phenomenon has many more advantages than disadvantages. New forms of economic development and increasing wealth of human societies depend on tourism. Our knowledge of the world now includes a strong component due to tourism. Human welfare has physiological and psychological elements, which tourism promotes, both because of the enjoyment of knowing new territories and increasing contacts with near or far away societies and cultures.

The tourism industry has nevertheless given rise to some serious concerns, including social costs and ecological impacts. Many ancient local cultures have practically lost their identity. Their societies have orientated their economy only to this industry. Both the natural and cultural – rural or urban – landscapes have also paid a high price for certain forms of tourism. These problems will persist if the economic benefit is the only target, leading to economic gains that eventually become ruinous. It is also important to consider that visitors nowadays are increasingly demanding in cultural and environmental terms.

Never before have transport and communication links been so important as today. Natural ecosystems are now a rarity on the planet and ecologists talk today about ‘socio-ecosystems’. Given this, tourism and environmental education are facing a major challenge.

Tourism also plays an important role in the natural environmental changes that are strongly affected by technological and social developments. Natural changes are inherent in the Earth’s ecosystem (the ‘ecosphere’). Also, technological and social changes are inherent to mankind (the ‘noosphere’) and are now becoming widespread. Cities are growing rapidly and industry requires increasingly larger areas. Many traditional rural areas are being abandoned. However, many historic agricultural districts have maintained, or even recovered, their local population numbers through intelligent strategies of tourism focused on nature and rural culture. Natural landscapes and biodiversity are becoming increasingly appreciated. The tourism industry must be able to respond to these aspirations.

Sustainable Tourism 2020 aims to find ways to protect the natural and cultural landscape through the development of new solutions which minimise the adverse effects of tourism. This can be achieved through new strategies involving the active collaboration of society as a whole.

All papers presented at previous Sustainable Tourism Conferences as well as all other meetings organised by the Wessex Institute since 1993 are freely available in the WIT eLibrary (www.witpress.com/elibrary).

Topics

The following list covers some of the topics to be presented at the conference. Papers on other topics related to the objectives of the meeting are also welcome.

  • Tourism strategies
  • Environmental issues
  • Climate change
  • Safety and security
  • Tourism as a tool of development
  • Heritage tourism
  • Marine and coastal areas tourism
  • Sport tourism
  • Tourism impact
  • Tourism and protected areas
  • Ecotourism
  • Rural tourism
  • Tourism and technology
  • Industrial tourism
  • Transport and tourism
  • Education and tourism
  • Destination management
  • eTourism
  • Simulation models
  • Social and physical infrastructure
  • Gastronomic tourism
  • The role of the landscape on tourism
  • Dark tourism
  • Project image
  • Sustainability assessments
  • Cultural tourism
  • Medical and health tourism
  • Tourism and nature
  • The role of local communities
  • Case studies

Benefits of Attending

USB Drive

Delegates will receive a USB drive at the conference containing the presented papers.

Publication

Papers presented at Sustainable Tourism 2020 are to be published in a Volume of WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment (ISSN: 1743-3541). The publication will be available in both electronic and hard copy.

Indexing

The WIT Transactions are DOI registered with CrossRef and are currently listed in indexing services such as Scopus and Google Scholar, as well as being submitted to the Web of Science. All conference books are listed in the British Library and American Library of Congress.

Open Access and Digital Archive

All conference papers are archived permanently on our electronic library where they can be downloaded for free (www.witpress.com/elibrary).

Peer review

To ensure the quality of our publications, abstracts and papers are double peer-reviewed by members of the International Scientific Advisory Committee and other experts, with manuscripts processed through CrossRef Similarity Check to screen for plagiarism.

Reduced Fee for PhD Students

The Wessex Institute believes in the importance of encouraging PhD students to present and publish innovative research at its conferences. As a result, the Institute offers PhD students a much-reduced conference fee.

Networking

Participants can present their research and interact with experts from around the world, as part of a unique community.

Journal publication opportunity

After the conference, delegates will be invited to submit an enhanced version of the conference paper to the International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning (ISSN: 1743-7601; Digital ISSN: 1743-761X)

Publication of Papers

Peer review

To ensure the quality of our publications, abstracts and papers are double peer-reviewed by members of the International Scientific Advisory Committee and other experts, with manuscripts processed through CrossRef Similarity Check to screen for plagiarism.

Publication

Papers presented at Sustainable Tourism 2020 are to be published in a Volume of WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment (ISSN: 1743-3541). The publication will be available in both electronic and hard copy.

Indexing

The WIT Transactions are DOI registered with CrossRef and are currently listed in indexing services such as Scopus and Google Scholar, as well as being submitted to the Web of Science. All conference books are listed in the British Library and American Library of Congress.

Open Access and Digital Archive

All conference papers are archived permanently on our electronic library where they can be downloaded for free (www.witpress.com/elibrary).

Journal publication opportunity

After the conference, delegates will be invited to submit an enhanced version of the conference paper to the International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning (ISSN: 1743-7601; Digital ISSN: 1743-761X)

Location Information

monumento a alfonso xii retiroAs the capital city of Spain and one of the largest cities in Europe, Madrid is the political, economic and cultural centre of Spain. The city is located on the Manzanares River and has so much to offer to its visitors. Since Philip II made Madrid the capital of Spain in the 16th Century, the city has grown to become one of the most beautiful cities in Spain, While possessing modern infrastructure, it has maintained most of its magnificent architecture through the centuries, preserving the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets. Madrid's cultural highlights include the "El Prado" and "Reina Sofia" museums, which show works from Picasso, Velazquez and Gaudi as well as many other international artists. Other sights are the Royal Palace and gardens, as well as tree-lined avenues, which add to the charm of the city. Madrid town hall square or Plaza Mayor is one of the best places to enjoy the famous Spanish gastronomy and nightlife.

Further information can be found at https://www.esmadrid.com/en

Places of interest:

The Museo del Prado
This is the main Spanish national art museum, located in central Madrid in the eponymous street. Founded as a museum of paintings and sculpture in 1819, El Prado is considered one of the greatest museums of art in the world. Its dazzling display of works by the great European masters such as Velázquez, Goya, Raphael, Rubens, and Bosch (among other major Spanish, Italian and Flemish artists), is housed in an 18th-century Neo-Classical building. Its collection comprises 8,600 paintings and over 700 sculptures.

Parque del Buen Retiro
Not far from the Prado Museum, located at the edge of the city centre is the Buen Retiro Park, one of the largest parks in Madrid. The park belonged to the Spanish Monarchy until the late 19th century, when it became a public park. Littered with marble monuments, landscaped lawns, the occasional elegant building, abundant greenery and a lake, it is peaceful during the week but comes to life on weekends as host to a variety of cultural, leisure, and sports activities to all people.

Reina Sofía Museum
Spain's national museum of 20th-century art, the museum was officially inaugurated on 10th September 1992 and is named after Queen Sofía. Pablo Picasso’s great masterpiece Guernica is a highlight, as well as excellent works by Salvador Dalí, Joan Miró and Antoni Tàpies. International artists include Georges Braque, Julian Schnabel and Richard Serra. The central building of the museum was once an 18th-century hospital and underwent an expansion in 2005 with a new section designed by French architect Jean Nouvel.

The Palacio Real de Madrid
The royal palace is the official residence of the Spanish Royal Family at the city of Madrid but is only used for state ceremonies and the royal family do not reside here. The origin of the palace dates from the ninth century when the Muslim kingdom of Toledo built a defence that was later used by the Kings of Castilla, which in the sixteenth century, they built the old Alcázar. It has a central interior courtyard, whilst another courtyard, the "Plaza de Armas", on the south side, acts as the principal entrance to the palace. The interior of the palace is notable for its wealth of art and the use of various types of fine materials in the construction and the decoration of its rooms including paintings by artists such as Caravaggio, Velázquez and Francisco de Goya and frescoes by Corrado Giaquinto, Juan de Flandes, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and Anton Raphael Mengs.

Weather:

The Madrid region experiences a Mediterranean climate. The average annual temperature is 19.9°C (67.8°F) with hot summers and very mild winters. There is only light rainfall mainly in autumn and the beginning of spring.

Travel Information

By Air

Madrid Barajas Airport

Madrid Barajas Airport is located approximately 17km from the conference venue and offers direct flights from a number of international airports in Europe, America and Asia. Airlines servicing this airport include:

  • Air Europa – From Frankfurt, Amsterdam, Brussels, Paris, London, Tel Aviv and Milan
  • Easyjet - From Berlin, Bristol, Edinburgh, Lyon, Paris
  • Iberia - From Athens, Barcelona, New York, Munich, Vienna, Venice and Geneva
  • TAP - From Lisbon
  • Vueling – From Florence, Rome, Bucharest and Malta

For information on all airlines flying to Madrid, visit the following website link:
http://www.aena.es/en/madrid-barajas-airport/index.html/

From the Airport to the Conference Venue:

Bus: Línea Exprés (the express bus) runs from Madrid-Barajas Airport to the Atocha-RENFE transport hub in Madrid city centre in just 40 minutes in normal traffic conditions. The service runs every 15-20 minutes during the day and every 35 at night. A single ticket costs €5 and you can buy tickets (cash only) on board the bus. Luggage is carried free.

Note: The stop at Atocha-RENFE is not used from 23:30 to 6:00. During this period the departure point is in Plaza de la Cibeles, where there are connections for all the Municipal Transport (EMT) night buses, known as “búhos” (owls).
www.emtmadrid.es

Rail: RENFE Cercanías trains operate along the C1 route between Madrid Barajas Airport Terminal 4 and Atocha (journey time: 25 minutes) A single ticket costs around €2.60. There are RENFE offices in the arrivals area of Terminals 1 and 4, which provide information and ticketing services for the national rail network.

http://www.renfe.com/

From Atocha Renfe you can take Metro de Madrid Line 1 towards Pinar De Chamartin, departing at Antón Martín. The service runs between 06:00 and 02:00 and departs every 5-10 minutes depending on the time of day. The journey will take around 5 minutes and will cost around €2.00 to travel within zone A.
www.metromadrid.es

Taxi: Taxis are available from outside all terminals (journey time to the city centre: 20-30 minutes; fare: around €30). Passengers should make sure the meter is turned on at the beginning of the journey and they are advised to use official taxis which are white in colour with a red stripe. Avoid people who offer taxi services inside the terminals.

Hire Car: Avis, Enterprise, Hertz, Europcar and SIXT operate at the airport. We recommend that you take the M-40 and A-3 roads signposted Av. del Mediterráneo.

Madrid-Cuatro Vientos

Madrid-Cuatro Vientos is the second busiest airport, by the number of passengers, in Madrid. It is located in the west of the city and is an airport dedicated to domestic flights: there are around 40 Spanish cities using the hub to operate domestic flights to Madrid, including the tourist areas of the Balearic Islands, with the routes from Ibiza to Madrid, Palma de Mallorca-Madrid. The airport is located around 15km from the conference venue.

For information on all airlines flying to Madrid-Cuatro Vientos, and destinations, visit the following website link:
http://www.aena.es/csee/Satellite/Aeropuerto-Madrid-Cuatro-Vientos/es/Madrid-Cuatro-Vientos.html

From the Airport to the Conference Venue:

From the Madrid-Cuatro Vientos Airport to the Conference Venue you should take the Metro de Madrid Line 10. Change at Tribunal and take Line 1 towards Pinar De Chamartin, departing at Antón Martín. The journey will take around 35 minutes and will cost around €2.00 to travel within zone A.

By Rail

Madrid Atocha

This is the largest railway station in Madrid. It is the primary station serving commuter trains, intercity and regional trains from North East, Central and Southern Spain, and the AVE high speed trains serving direct routes to Albacete, Antequera, Barcelona, Calatayud, Cordoba, Huesca, Lleida, Malaga, Toledo, Sevilla (Seville), Valencia & Zaragoza (Saragosa).

From Atocha Renfe you can take Metro de Madrid Line 1 towards Pinar De Chamartin, departing at Antón Martín. The service runs between 06:00 and 02:00 and departs every 5-10 minutes depending on the time of day. The journey will take around 5 minutes and will cost around €2.00 to travel within zone A.
www.metromadrid.es

Madrid Chamartín

Chamartín Train Station is located in the north of the city about six kilometres from Barajas-Madrid International Airport. Chamartín train station is mainly served by trains from the north-west and west of Spain, as well as from France.
From Chamartín you can take Metro de Madrid Line 1 towards Valdecarros departing at Antón Martín. The service runs between 06:00 and 02:00 and departs every 5-10 minutes depending on the time of day. The journey will take around 25 minutes and will cost around €2.00 to travel within zone A.
www.metromadrid.es

For more information visit RENFE – Spanish railways – http://www.renfe.es/

By Road

Madrid has 6 principal highways entering and leaving the city; the A-1 to A-6. It also has three major ring roads; the inner-one is known as the M30, an outer one is the M40 and the outermost is called the M50
The Mediterráneo AP-7 motorway, which runs the whole length of the Spanish Mediterranean coastline from north to south, connects with the European motorway network, the A-23 Sagunto-Somport motorway and the A-3 Madrid-Valencia motorway.
Once in Central Madrid, the conference venue is located 500 metres from the Atocha railway station and the Reina Sofia Museum which are well signposted.

ALSA operates long-distance bus services connecting Madrid to other cities in Spain including Barcelona and Valencia, northern regions of Spain and Portugal. http://www.alsa.es/

Please note that all information included above is correct as of March 2019. All prices and travel details are subject to change.

Conference Venue

Imagen1The conference will take place at the Tryp Atocha Hotel. The hotel is built within a splendid palace dating back to 1913 and retains its original architectural detail and beauty. Located in the historical heart of the city, called “Barrio de las Letras” (Arts District), the hotel is within walking distance from the city’s main museums: the Prado Museum, the Thyssen Museum and the Reina Sofia Museum, delicious tapas bars, chic shops and exciting nightlife. The hotel is also within walking distance from the main train station in Madrid (Atocha station).

The address of the hotel is:

Tryp Atocha Hotel

Calle de Atocha, 83,

28012 Madrid,

Spain

Accommodation

Accommodation is available at the conference venue, Tryp Atocha Hotel. In order to book your accommodation, please complete the Accommodation Booking Form (PDF) and send it directly to the hotel using the email address on the form.

005TRYPAtocha Hall ReceptionDoble standard

 

Additional Information

Please use the links below to access additional information related to the conference. All links open in a new window.

Here's what our delegates have to say...

The conference was very high level. The papers have been interesting since each country addresses various problems in the context of air pollution. The coordination was perfect, the communication with the organizers (Mr. Giorgio Passerini, Mr. Giovannilo Perillo, Mr. James Longhurst, Ms. Stephanie Everest and other people from UWE Bristol) and the lecturers were very pleasant. Overall, the conference was a very pleasant experience for me, not only for the conference program but also for the people who were there. I would love to visit this conference again.

Lenka Frišhansová, Czech Republic (attended Air Pollution 2018)


The organisation of events by WIT are of the highest standards, which bring together multi disciplines of the Rail Industry. Delegates at these events are of a very high standard. The equipment provided was adequate for the presentaions. The locations are chosen with a good ease of access and the catering was of good quality.

Inara Watson, UK (attended COMPRAIL 2018)


The first conference papers I published during my PhD studies were through WIT, which helped me gain a solid footing in the academic world.

Tamas Pardy, Estonia (attended Complex Systems 2018)


Absolutely, it is an impressive and meaningful conference, which provides a platform for the researchers from different fields to communicate.

Yuping Dong, China (attended Eco-Architecture 2018)


I have been a regular attendee of many congresses organized by WIT and I must say that this is the most professional of all (congress) organisations I have experienced. The combination of content, people and location is always exciting. Thank you.

Jaap Vleugel, Netherlands (attended Environmental Impact 2018)


Excellent communication, high professional adviser, high level of the oral presentations, very good organization.

Teodor Tranca, Romania (attended HPSM/OPTI 2018)


The conference was organized and the trips were very well thought of. The conference personnel were friendly and cooperative, and made it smooth and enjoyable. It was one of the best conferences I have ever attended.

Lina M Kattan, Saudi Arabia (attended Islamic Heritage 2018)


Very interesting topics, invigorating discussions, and thought provoking papers. This well organized conference offers a good opportunity for publication.

Samar H Aljahdali, Saudi Arabia (attended Islamic Heritage 2018)


The conference was well organized. The topics were very interesting. The breaks provided the nice breathing room for discussions and networking with other participants. Merci beaucoup :)

Julius Bangate, France (attended Risk Analysis 2018)


Very well organized, as well as in the communication before the conference as during the conference itself. My compliments for the professional approach and the informal, good atmosphere among delegates!

RH Zomerman, Netherlands (attended Sustainable Development and Planning 2018)


I have attended more than 12 conferences since 2007 and can appreciate the excellent organization and the high quality of the research presented in all of them. Congratulations for the organizers!

Antonina Ivanova, Mexico (attended Sustainable Tourism 2018)


Efficient conference management and family-like atmosphare

Hiroshi Kato, Fiji (attended Sustainable Tourism 2018)


The Wessex institute is amazing, for me as a new academic it provided me the opportunity to learn and more so meet people that are working on interesting and relevant topics. I particulary enjoyed the variety of research topics presented. It is well organised, precise and to the point. Would really like to attend more of their conferences. Irene is also the best.

Jacqueline Mangwane, South Africa (attended Sustainable Tourism 2018)


The Wessex Institute provided an excellent conference organisation and a sound style of communication. The conference venue was also great and support before and during the conference was very nice.

Lorenz Poggendorf, Japan (attended Sustainable Tourism 2018)


I haven't thought that I could present my paper at an international conference. I had the greatest experience in my life. Thank you so much for organising the conference. I have learned a lot.

Nga Nguyen Thi Thanh, Vietnam (attended Sustainable Tourism 2018)


I am very grateful for this wonderful experience. It was my first conference and I am sure that I gained more experience. It was very motivating, a lovely opportunity to meet new people and to learn from their old experience as well. I was surprised to see experts from countries from all over the world and this creates union. Thank you. I had a great time and the surroundings are beautiful.

Carla Ana-Maria Tudorie, Spain (attended Urban Agriculture 2018)


My experience with the Wessex institute was one of a people who are keen in the fields of agricultural research and engineering programmes. The hosts were really warm, kind and receptive. The conference venue was great, the neighbourhood was serene, and it offered a very good opportunity for creating global networks. The management was good, so was the hospitality. And the people of New Forest are great. Priscilla stood out as a very caring and warm face of the conference. The other staff from Wessex were very interactive and cordial. The trip to the urban farms was a rich experience. The conference was a great success and I look forward to the next.

Scholastica Mathenge, Kenya (attended Urban Agriculture 2018)


This was the most interesting, most interdisciplinary, most international conference I have attended. I enjoyed meeting delegates working on urban agriculture from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. I look forward to the next conference.

Gaston "Chip" Small, USA (attended Urban Agriculture 2018)


My experience was decidedly postive. Urban Transport 2018 is the ideal place to have a cross-section of research from both academics and the business world. The ideal place to develop a network capable of stimulating future work.

Nicola Aldo Cabras, Italy (attended Urban Transport 2018)


A great opportunity to meet new colleagues and to make new contacts. Very good science level of the presentations.

Vasi Minzatu, Romania (attended Water Pollution 2018)