Introduction

The 15th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability addresses all aspects of the urban environment and aims to provide solutions leading towards sustainability. The Sustainable City 2021 conference follows a series of very successful meetings that started in Rio (2000), followed by Segovia (2002), Siena (2004), Tallinn (2006), Skiathos (2008), A Coruña (2010), Ancona (2012), Kuala Lumpur (2013), Siena (2014), Medellin (2015), Alicante (2016), Seville (2017), Valencia (2019) and Rome (2020).

Urban areas result in a series of environmental challenges varying from the consumption of natural resources and the subsequent generation of waste and pollution, contributing to the development of social and economic imbalances. As cities continue to grow all over the world, these problems tend to become more acute and require the development of new solutions.

The challenge of planning sustainable contemporary cities lies in considering the dynamics of urban systems, exchange of energy and matter, and the function and maintenance of ordered structures directly or indirectly supplied and maintained by natural systems. The task of researchers is to improve the capacity to manage human activities, pursuing welfare and prosperity in the urban environment. Any investigation or planning on a city ought to consider the relationships between the parts and their connections with the living world. The dynamics of its networks (flows of energy matter, people, goods, information and other resources) are fundamental for an understanding of the evolving nature of today’s cities.

Large cities represent a fertile ground for architects, engineers, city planners, social and political scientists, and other professionals able to conceive new ideas and time them according to technological advances and human requirements.

Coastal areas and coastal cities will be an important issue of the conference as they have some specific features. Their strategic location facilitates transportation and the development of related activities, but this requires the existence of large ports, with the corresponding increase in maritime and road traffic and all its inherent negative effects. This requires the development of well-planned and managed urban environments, not only for reasons of efficiency and economics but also to avoid inflicting environmental degradation that causes the deterioration of natural resources, quality of life and human health.
The meeting always attracts a substantial number of contributions from participants from different backgrounds and countries. The variety of topics and experiences is one of the main reasons behind the success of the series.

All papers are included in the WIT Transactions and archived in the Wessex Institute eLibrary at https://www.witpress.com/elibrary, where they are permanently and easily available to the international community.

Conference Topics

The following list covers some of the topics to be presented at Sustainable City 2021. Papers on other subjects related to the objectives of the conference are also welcome.

  • Urban strategies
  • Urban logistics
  • Urban metabolism
  • Circular economy at the city level
  • The coastal city and its environments
  • City/Waterfront interaction
  • Planning, development and management
  • Waterfront development
  • The S3 city: smart, sustainable and safe
  • Eco-town planning
  • Spatial conflicts in the city
  • The community and the city
  • Tourism and the city
  • Coastal city beaches
  • Coastal processes
  • Coastal flooding
  • Urban transportation and planning
  • Ports accessibility
  • Architectural issues
  • Cultural heritage sites
  • Urban conservation and regeneration
  • Environmental management
  • Waste management
  • Urban air pollution
  • Health issues
  • Water resources
  • Landscape planning and design
  • Urbanization of rural areas
  • Urban agriculture
  • Planning for risk and natural hazards
  • Case studies

Benefits of Attending

USB Drive

Delegates will receive a USB drive at the conference containing the presented papers.

Publication

Papers presented at Sustainable City 2021 are to be published in a volume of WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment (Electronic ISSN: 1743-3541). The publication will be available in both electronic and hard copy.

Indexing

The WIT Transactions are DOI registered with CrossRef and are currently listed in indexing services such as Scopus and Google Scholar, as well as being submitted to the Web of Science. All conference books are listed in the British Library and American Library of Congress.

Open Access and Digital Archive

All conference papers are archived permanently on our electronic library where they can be downloaded for free (www.witpress.com/elibrary).

Peer review

To ensure the quality of our publications, abstracts and papers are double peer-reviewed by members of the International Scientific Advisory Committee and other experts, with manuscripts processed through CrossRef Similarity Check to screen for plagiarism.

Reduced Fee for PhD Students

The Wessex Institute believes in the importance of encouraging PhD students to present and publish innovative research at its conferences. As a result, the Institute offers PhD students a much-reduced conference fee.

Networking

Participants can present their research and interact with experts from around the world, as part of a unique community.

Journal publication opportunity

After the conference, delegates will be invited to submit an enhanced version of the conference paper to one of the WIT Press International Journals.

Publication of Papers

Peer review

To ensure the quality of our publications, abstracts and papers are double peer-reviewed by members of the International Scientific Advisory Committee and other experts, with manuscripts processed through CrossRef Similarity Check to screen for plagiarism.

Publication

Papers presented at Sustainable City 2021 are to be published in a volume of WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment (Electronic ISSN: 1743-3541). The publication will be available in both electronic and hard copy.

Indexing

The WIT Transactions are DOI registered with CrossRef and are currently listed in indexing services such as Scopus and Google Scholar, as well as being submitted to the Web of Science. All conference books are listed in the British Library and American Library of Congress.

Open Access and Digital Archive

All conference papers are archived permanently on our electronic library where they can be downloaded for free (www.witpress.com/elibrary).

Journal publication opportunity

After the conference, delegates will be invited to submit an enhanced version of the conference paper to one of the WIT Press International Journals.

Location Information

Located in North-East Spain, Bilbao finds itself between the Cantabrian Sea and the Basque Mountains. The Bilbao estuary runs across the city, adding to the already beautiful landscape. Once an industrial city, Bilbao is now a sophisticated city that is constantly evolving, known for its architectural allure and vibrant culture. The city mixes old and new, from a neo-baroque theatre, an art nouveau train station and several spectacular cathedrals to Frank Gehry’s Guggenheim Museum, the Zubizuri Bridge, and the Azkuna Zentroa cultural centre. Bilbao is compact and most attractions are within walking distance of each other. The city also has an extensive public transport system and metro, tram and bus services are available. The metro system was designed by Sir Norman Foster and appears rather futuristic despite being built in 1988.

Art and Culture

Guggenheim Museum: the most notable museum in Bilbao, which is to be the main tourist attraction. The museum was designed by Canadian architect Frank Gehry and opened to the public in 1997. The building is wrapped in titanium panels, look like the scales of a fish, which are said to have been inspired by Gehry’s childhood fascination with fish. The titanium panels also have another purpose, to capture light. This means that the building takes on another appearance at night when the city lights reflect off its surface. The shape of the building resembles a ship when viewed from the river.

Gugenheim

 

The Casco Viejo or Old Town: is known locally as “las 7 calles” in Spanish or “Zazpi Kaleak” in Basque meaning ‘the seven streets’ since these were the seven streets that formed the original medieval town. Today, the Casco Viejo is still the heart of the city; it is a charming, compact area of Bilbao that has a selection of bars and independent shops.

Vizcaya Bridge: a short journey on the metro will take you to the north of Bilbao and to the town of Getxo, located next to the town of Portugalete, which are separated by the Nervion River. Both towns are connected by the famous Vizcaya Bridge, which is known to the locals as Puente Colgante or "hanging bridge". This transporter bridge, built in 1893, was able to move people and goods back and forth without obstructing the path of ships, something completely new for the time. In 2006, the bridge was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In addition, Getxo is home to five beaches and impressive mansions. 

Vizcaya Bridge

 

Regional Cuisine and Wine

Gastronomy enthusiasts will find an abundance of restaurants and be able to discover and enjoy the famous Basque cuisine; the city has several Michelin Star awarded restaurants, pintxo bars, traditional taverns and cider restaurants. The Basque region is famous for the red wine Rioja, with the first vineyards being founded by the Romans in 11 century BC.

Local cuisine offers a vast variety of seafood, including Marmitako (tuna stew), Porrusalda (fish and vegetable soup) and Angulas known as “'the caviar of Northern Spain”, which are baby eels typically consumed with oil and garlic. La Rioja is one of the regions with the longest tradition in sausage-making with its famous Chorizo Riojano being recognized all over the world.

Basque tapas

Travel Information

Conference Venue Address:

Hotel Gran Bilbao
Prieto Indalecio Hiribidea, 1
48004 Bilbo
Bizkaia
Spain

 

BILBAO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

This airport is located 14km from the conference venue and has great connections with most Spanish airports and many European cities. A list of airlines and destinations outside Spain can be found below:


Aer Lingus – Dublin
KLM – Amsterdam
EasyJet – Bristol, London Stansted, Manchester, Nantes
Brussels Airlines – Brussels
Eurowings – Dusseldorf, Stuttgart
Turkish Airlines – Istanbul
Lufthansa – Frankfurt, Munich
TAP – Lisbon
British Airways – London Gatwick
Air France – Paris
Swiss International Airlines – Zurich
Volotea – Naples
Vueling – Florence, Milan, Rome

 

For full information on airlines and destinations from this airport, visit the airport website: http://www.aena.es/en/bilbao-airport/index.html

 

From Bilbao Airport to the Conference Venue


Public transport: The airport is connected to the city with bus line A3247 that runs from 06:15 to 00:00 every day and departs at 15-minute intervals. The journey takes 20 minutes and the cost is €3. The bus makes four stops after departing the airport, these are Alameda Recalde 11, Moyua Plaza, Gran Via 79 and Termibus (main bus station).


To reach the conference venue, you will need to get off the bus at Gran Via 79 stop. From here, walk to the Moyua Metro Station (approximately 3-4 minutes) and take the ‘Linea De Metro Bilbao’ to Santutxu Station. The hotel is a 10-minute walk from this station.


For further information visit:


Bus - http://web.bizkaia.eus/es/web/bizkaibus
Metro - https://www.metrobilbao.eus/en


Taxi: There is no need to book this in advance as there are plenty of available taxis outside arrivals. The journey from the airport to the hotel takes around 20 minutes and costs approximately €30.
Car Hire: There are several car hire companies operating within the airport, these are Europcar, Hertz, Enterprise, Avis and Sixt.


When leaving the airport, take the N-633 followed by the BI-631 and take exit 9 onto the N-637 towards Bilbao. Then take exit 14 towards Bilbao. Continue along this road (A-8) and at Federico Moyúa Plaza, take the 2nd exit onto Don Diego López Haroko Kale Nagusia. The Hotel Gran Bilbao will be on your left.


Parking is available at the conference venue.

 

MADRID BARAJAS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

It is possible to take a connecting flight from Madrid International Airport to Bilbao International Airport. However, if you would prefer not to take another flight you can travel to Bilbao by bus or train from Madrid Airport.

  • Bus: There is a direct bus run by Alsa from Madrid Airport to Bilbao Termibus Station which takes approximately 4.5 hours and costs around €35. There are four departures per day, between the hours of 02:00 and 21:00. Further information regarding departures and tickets can be found at https://www.alsa.es/en/home
     
  • Train: There is a train from the Atocha Train Station in the centre of Madrid to Bilbao. This journey takes approximately 5.5 hours. In order to reach the Atocha station from the airport, you can take Linea Extpres bus, the Cercanias train C1 or a taxi (€35).

 

For further information, please visit the following websites:


Metro (From Madrid Airport to Atocha Station) - https://www.metromadrid.es/es
Train (from Atocha Station to Bilbao) - https://venta.renfe.com/vol/homeCustomers.do?c=_W7Ls

 

BARCELONA-EL PRAT INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

It is possible to take a connecting flight from Barcelona International Airport to Bilbao International Airport. However, if you would prefer not to take another flight you can travel to Bilbao by bus or train from Barcelona Airport.

  • Bus: Buses depart Barcelona to Bilbao from either Barcelona Estacion Nord or Barcelona Sants Stations, the journey takes approximately 8 hours and costs €50 and is run by a company called Alsa (https://www.alsa.es/en/home). Please see the instructions below which explain the journey from the Airport to the above bus stations.
     
    Airport to Barcelona Sants: To reach the bus station you will need to take the R2 Nord (north) line from the airport to Barcelona Sants. This journey takes 20 minutes and trains depart every 20 minutes and costs €2.20. Once you arrive as Sants Station, the Alsa bus station is located outside the main train station, and the street name is Carrer de Viriat.
     
    Airport to Barcelona Estacion Nord: You should take the A2 bus (Aerobus) from the airport to Pl. Espanya. Buses depart every 10 minutes and cost €5.50. From here, take metro line L1 from Pl. Espanya to Arc de Triomf, then walk 180 metres to Estació d'autobusos Barcelona Nord located on Carrer d'Alí Bei, 80.
    •  
  • Train: You can take a train from Barcelona Sants to Bilbao, it takes approximately 7 hours and tickets are around €40. For further information visit: https://venta.renfe.com/vol/homeCustomers.do?c=_0CRq
     
    Airport to Barcelona Sants station: To reach the train station you will need to take the R2 Nord (north) line from the airport to Barcelona Sants. This journey takes 20 minutes and trains depart every 20 minutes and costs €2.20. Further information is available at http://www.renfe.com/viajeros/cercanias/barcelona/index.html

 

Getting around Bilbao


Getting around in Bilbao is simple. The city centre is compact and easily accessible by foot. The public transport system is extensive, the metro, tram and buses serve the whole of Bilbao as well as nearby towns.


For further information visit:


Bus - http://web.bizkaia.eus/es/web/bizkaibus
Metro - https://www.metrobilbao.eus/en


Please note that all of the information included above is correct as of December 2019. All prices and travel details are subject to change. Prices quoted are for single tickets unless otherwise stated.

Conference Venue

The conference will take place at the Hotel Gran Bilbao. This modern hotel has 202 rooms, underground private parking, free WiFi, a restaurant and a bar.

The hotel is only an 8-minute walk from Bilbao old town and well connected by public transport to the city’s tourist attractions.

Conference Venue Address:

Hotel Gran Bilbao
Prieto Indalecio Hiribidea, 1
48004 Bilbo
Bizkaia
Spain

Accommodation

WIT has secured a special rate for delegates who wish to book their accommodation at Hotel Gran Bilbao (prices below include buffet breakfast and VAT):

€115 Double room for single use
€125 Double room for double use

In order to benefit from these rates, you must book your accommodation via the hotel website (https://www.hotelgranbilbao.com/) using the code “WESSEX” in the Promo field no later 25th June 2021. Following these dates, the reservation will be subject to hotel availability and at the general rate (with a 10% discount).

Here's what our delegates have to say...


"I consider that the events of the Wessex Institute are of great importance due to the scientific themes of its activities. [Developing] current affairs with excellent organization. Congratulations."
Roberto Rojano, Colombia (attended Air Pollution 2020)


"I was extremely pleased and appreciative of Ms Marta Graczyk‘s support throughout the registration and paper production process. I send her my utmost thanks and gratitude. "
Abdulkader Algilani, Saudi Arabia (attended Islamic Heritage 2020)


"This was my first experience in the Wessex institute conferences, I'm proud to be a part of this conference and article publishing. Many thanks to the efforts escorted by the Institute among the COVID19 pandemic. We would be honored to attend the next conference of Islamic heritage with such interesting topics with the variety of articles presented. Extended thanks to all the researchers taking part in the conference."
Haya S. Nasereddin, Palestinian Territories (attended Islamic Heritage 2020)


"I have participated in the last 4 conferences promoted by WIT. What attracts me at conferences is its extremely efficient organization, the high level of professionalism of the organizing team, the quality of the resulting publications(indexed), the care shown by the organizing team with the quality of the event, manifested in the post-conference follow-up surveys, in [the] attention to participants before and during the event, the adequacy of the duration of the conference, the size of the conference (neither too large nor too small) which provides a favorable environment for approaching and exchanging ideas, and (why not ?) the places chosen to host the events, always beautiful and conducive to post-event cultural enrichment."
Paulo Roberto Armanini Tagliani, Brazil (attended Environmental Impact 2020)


"Dear colleagues! We thank you for a very interesting experience of participating in a conference of this format. We hope that in the future there will be more events that contribute to personal communication and discussion of current issues by the scientific community. We look forward to participating in other events organized by the Wessex Institute."
Artem Salamatov, Russia (attended Environmental Impact 2020)


"I had a very nice experience of participating in the Risk Analysis conference as one of the conferences of the Wessex Institute. The procedures of sending the tentative abstract, evaluation, acceptance, registration, and presentation were very well-organized and also streamlined by a very supportive coordinator. I would definitely consider the Wessex Institute conferences, particularly Risk Analysis, for my future publications."
Abolfazl Shojaei Barjouei, Norway (attended Risk Analysis 2020)


"I had a great experience with the Wessex Institute. Communication, especially with Irene, was always detailed and responses were prompt and friendly. Wessex Institute rose to the challenge of holding a conference in the midst of a global pandemic; the online conference ran very smoothly and it was easy to navigate to each paper and its accompanying presentation. Looking forward to the next conference in the series, hopefully in person!"
Meredith Fyfe, Canada (attended Risk Analysis 2020)


"Congrats!! [...] the organisation was clear and fast... and everything was perfect."
Sebastian Bahamon, Germany (attended COMPRAIL 2020)


"I got new experiences through Waste Management 2020 and [learnt about] the problems of different countries, thank you."
Hiroya Matsui, Japan (attended Waste Management 2020)


"The Mission and Vision are excellent, in particular having conferences which promote development and enterprising business. You are thinking smart."
Charles Tushabomwe-Kazooba, Uganda (attended Sustainable Tourism 2020)


"I enjoyed attending this conference. Even if this version was online, the quality of the presentations was very high and everyone was really invested. The great variety of topics gives the opportunity to develop new ideas or to get new information about different kinds of scientific subjects. In addition, the conference manager was very reactive to any questions I had. That is why I would recommend anyone to attend this conference."
Gwenc'hlan Tymen, France (attended AFM 2020)


"Despite the special circumstances of covid-19, the conference was organized in an efficient and organized manner. I wish you all the best."
Mora Hana, Egypt (attended Eco-Architecture 2020)


"If you are in for interdisciplinary congresses, Wessex is the way to go. The size of the events is very good. You never feel lost and get personal attention before, during and after each congress. If you become a regular visitor, then you realise their unique way of doing things. Other congresses are frequently organized by a marketing organization. In this case, there is high-level science taking place in the same organisation. This and the other scientific elements (ISAC, supervisory board, chairman) provide a sound scientific foundation and basis for continuation. Thank you."
Jaap Vleugel, Netherlands (attended Sustainable Development and Planning 2020)


"My overall experience with Wessex Institute has been of excellent standard throughout. I have been impressed with the punctualities and perseverance of the organising committees."
Hicham Machmouchi, UAE (attended Sustainable Development and Planning 2020)


"It was my first experience, but a great one. Very professional coordination, positive approach of organizers, and diverse delegate’s attendance and topics. Accessible for all regardless of time differences, due to the on-demand format."
Fjollë Caka, Macedonia (attended Sustainable City 2020)


"Totally positive, well organized and responding [to] needs with ease."
Maria-Carmen Vicente-Torres, Spain (attended FRIAR 2020)